Pledge of Allegiance

Francis Bellamy, a Socialist Christian, wrote the Pledge of Allegiance in August of 1892

I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

He originally wanted to add the word "equality" but the group he was proposing this for was against equality for women and people of color.  In October of 1892 he added the word "to" after the first "and" to make it:

I pledge allegiance to my Flag and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

In 1924 the National Flag Conference, which was controlled by the American Legion and the Daughters of the Revolution changed it to:

I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

In 1954, Congress, at the urging of the Knights of Columbus, a Catholic organization again changed it, adding the words "under God":

I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

Because of the need for separation of church and state, and to affirm equality for all it has been proposed to again change it to:

I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty, justice and equality for all.

 

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